Chapter 1 attempts to draw parallels between machines and natural objects. The law of physics is the overall umbrella that shrouds the entire design process.
Chapter 2 provides a biological perspective on definition of good design by exemplifying sonar and radar. The paradox that the author points out on natural selection is resonated at the end, which makes us question the characteristics of natural selection. Is that process truly blind or is there any variable that influencing the outcome so that it is invisibly thinking forward?